If you are new to woodworking, the language and terminology can be intimidating. From joint types to saw blades and sandpaper grits, there are a lot of technical terms to learn. However, understanding these terms is crucial to the success of your woodworking projects. In this woodworking term glossary, we will cover the most common woodworking terms you need to know.
Table of Contents
- Butt Joint
- Dado Joint
- Mortise and Tenon Joint
- Rabbet Joint
- Tongue and Groove Joint
- Cutting and Shaping Tools
- Hand Saws
- Sanding and Finishing Terms
- Sandpaper Grit
- Wood Types
- Safety Terms
- Ear Protection
- Eye Protection
- Dust Collection System
A butt joint is a simple joint where the end of one piece of wood is joined to the side of another piece of wood. This joint is commonly used in cabinetry, furniture making, and other woodworking projects.
A dado joint is a groove cut into one piece of wood that is designed to fit another piece of wood. This joint is often used in shelving, cabinets, and bookcases.
Mortise and Tenon Joint
A mortise and tenon joint is a strong joint used in woodworking. The tenon is a protrusion on the end of one piece of wood that is inserted into a hole (mortise) on the other piece of wood. This joint is often used in furniture making, cabinetry, and other woodworking projects.
A rabbet joint is a joint where one piece of wood is cut to fit into a groove or notch in another piece of wood. This joint is commonly used in cabinetmaking, bookshelves, and picture frames.
Tongue and Groove Joint
A tongue and groove joint is a joint where a tongue on one piece of wood fits into a groove on another piece of wood. This joint is often used in flooring, paneling, and wainscoting.
Cutting and Shaping Tools
A chisel is a cutting tool with a sharpened edge on one end and a handle on the other. Chisels are used to remove wood from a workpiece, creating precise shapes and details.
Hand saws are cutting tools with a sharp blade that is pushed or pulled across the wood to make cuts. There are many types of hand saws, including crosscut saws, rip saws, and dovetail saws.
A jigsaw is a power tool that uses a reciprocating blade to cut curves and other shapes in wood. Jigsaws are often used for intricate cuts, such as in scrollwork or in cutting out shapes for decorative purposes.
A router is a power tool used to hollow out an area of wood. Routers are often used to create decorative edges or shapes in woodworking projects.
Sanding and Finishing Terms
Sandpaper grit refers to the size of the abrasive particles on the sandpaper. The higher the grit number, the finer the abrasive particles and the smoother the finish on the wood. Common sandpaper grits include 60, 80, 120, 220, and 320.
Varnish is a clear, protective coating that is applied to wood to protect it from damage and wear. Varnish comes in various finishes, including gloss, semi-gloss, and satin.
Polyurethane is a type of clear, protective coating that is commonly used on wood. It is very durable and provides excellent protection against water, stains, and scratches.
Stain is a type of coloring that is applied to wood to give it a different color or to enhance its natural color. Stains come in a variety of colors and finishes, including oil-based and water-based options.
Hardwood is a type of wood that comes from deciduous trees, such as oak, maple, parawood and cherry. Hardwoods are often used for furniture, flooring, and decorative pieces because of their durability and beauty.
Softwood is a type of wood that comes from coniferous trees, such as pine, spruce, and cedar. Softwoods are commonly used for construction, framing, and outdoor projects.
Plywood is a type of engineered wood that is made by gluing several layers of wood together. It is strong and versatile, and can be used for a variety of woodworking projects.
Ear protection is necessary when working with power tools that produce loud noises. Ear plugs or earmuffs can help to protect your hearing.
Eye protection is important when working with power tools, saws, or sanders that can produce flying debris. Safety glasses or goggles can help to protect your eyes.
A respirator is a mask that is worn over the mouth and nose to protect against inhaling harmful dust or fumes.
Dust Collection System
A dust collection system is a device that is used to collect sawdust and other debris created during woodworking. This can help to improve air quality and reduce the risk of respiratory problems.
Understanding the terminology used in woodworking is essential to becoming a skilled woodworker. Whether you are building furniture, cabinetry, or decorative pieces, having a solid understanding of the terminology used in woodworking will help you to achieve the results you desire. This woodworking term glossary provides a comprehensive guide to the most common woodworking terms used in the industry.
- What is the best type of joint to use for furniture making?
- A mortise and tenon joint is often considered the strongest and most durable joint for furniture making.
- What type of saw is best for making precise cuts?
- A dovetail saw is a type of hand saw that is often used for making precise cuts in woodworking.
- Can I use any type of stain on my woodworking project?
- It is important to choose a stain that is designed for use on wood. Oil-based and water-based stains are both commonly used in woodworking.
- How often should I change the sandpaper on my sander?
- It is best to change the sandpaper on your sander when it becomes clogged or worn out.
- Do I need a dust collection system for my woodworking shop?
- A dust collection system can help to improve air quality and reduce the risk of respiratory problems, so it is recommended for any woodworking shop.